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Basic Information and Functions of Epinephrine

Basic Information and Functions of Epinephrine

In 1895, polish psychologist acquired the first Adrenal extract which contained adrenaline which is more like known today as epinephrine. The extract named “nadnerczyna” contained epinephrine and catecholamine which also chemically an epinephrine. And on 1900, jokichi Takamine together with his assistant namely Keizo Uenaka they discovered adrenaline independently. And a year later Jokichi Takamine successfully extracted and purified sheep and oxen hormones from their adrenal glands. By the year 1904, adrenaline was then synthesized and manufactured by Henry Drysdale Dakin and Friedrich Stolz in their laboratory.

This neurotransmitter is related to N Acetyltyrosine, DL Phenylaline, and ExcitaCor.

Epinephrine came from the Greek word epi- and nephros it means on the kidney, which is referred to the adrenal gland that is located over the kidney. Adrenaline is a term for the Latin root word ad- and renes which also mean the same as epinephrine. This makes them exactly similar, but more often epinephrine is mostly used. The word epinephrine has been abbreviated in medical jargon to epi.

On the body epinephrine functions like a hormone, acts almost on every body tissue. Its reactions vary depending on tissue types and different tissue reactions of adrenergic receptors or adrenergic receptors.  For instances like smooth muscle loosens up in the air path, but then causes the smooth muscle to contract contours nearly all arterioles.

Divergent functions of epinephrine resulting from binding different selections of adrenergic receptors. It is not at all selective on any adrenergic receptors. A variety of metabolic changes are activated when epinephrine binds to these different kinds of adrenergic receptors. It hampers the pancreas in secretion of insulin when it binds with alpha-adrenergic receptors, excites the muscle’s glycolysis and glycogenolysis, also the lives glycogenolysis. The production of glucagon in the pancreas is attained with binding beta-adrenergic receptors, production by the pituitary gland of ACTH or also known as adrenocorticotropic hormone is increased, and by adipose tissue lipolysis is increased as well. In tandem with each of these effects fatty acid and blood glucose are increased which supplies substrates for the creation of energy contained by cells all through the body.

Adding up to this alteration of chemical processes, epinephrine also provides extensive changes through all organ systems in the body.

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