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Effects of Epinephrine

Effects of Epinephrine

Epinephrine is a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands. It is a pure compound, also known as the adrenaline. It was formerly prepared from adrenal glands but nowadays it is being extracted and used to treat several diseases and human allergic reactions such as asthma, heart problems, and other disorders. The effects of the epinephrine in the body cover large range and some of it, not known yet.

When faced with a stressful, life-threatening situation it is a normal reaction for us to be energetic, responsive and extremely alert. Oftentimes we wonder how an old woman, who can hardly walk, when faced in danger, can run. It is because of the adrenaline or epinephrine secreted by our body in response to stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system at times of stress.

This neurotransmitter is related to Calm PRT, Kavinace, AdreCor, Balance D, and ExcitaPlus.


It also enhances energy production, awakens all the sensory processes to full alert as a priority and shuts down less important processes like digestion. It stimulates the heart, constricts the small blood vessels, raises the blood pressure, liberates sugar stored in the liver, and relaxes certain involuntary muscles while contracting others. It starts energy production which leads our body to maximum levels of energy and concentration for us to achieve survival.

As the endocrine gland releases the epinephrine into the blood stream, it reaches main body organs resulting to opening of airways in the lungs, increasing the blood pressure and such operations enabling the body to alert status and to fight or run when encountering a perceived threat. It also activates strategically placed α and β receptors initiating chain reaction processes. In addition to these changes, epinephrine also leads to broad alterations throughout all organ systems.

It affects the liver as it activates an α adrenergic receptor that stimulates glycogenolysis  and initializes chain reactions resulting to breaking down of glycogen, releasing glucose, the energy packets of the body, into the blood stream. Simultaneously, it also activates the liver β adrenergic receptor that triggers glucagon secretion in the pancreas, increased adrenocortropic hormone (ACTH) secretion by the pituitary gland and increased lypolysis by adipose tissue. Together these effects lead to increased blood glucose and fatty acids, generating substrates for energy production throughout the body.


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